idealightbulbNo, nootropics aren’t warm, palmy areas around the equator. They are, infact, groups of rare supplements or drugs that are taken specifically to enhance memory and other cognitive abilities. Because they are said to enhance intelligence, nootropics are often called “smart drugs.”

The nootropic that most people are familiar with is caffeine, but there are other nootropics that stimulate mental functioning. Some of these drugs and supplements are used by college students to help them study and retain what they read more efficiently. Others seem to show promise for brain diseases as devastating as Alzheimer’s disease and Huntington’s chorea.

Kinds of Nootropics

Stimulants

There are different kinds of nootropics. They include stimulants like amphetamines, methylphenidates and eugeroics. Amphetamines help stimulate a person’s mental awareness, help them perform tasks and aid in the retention of different kinds of memory, including episodic and working memory. Researchers claim that amphetamines are especially useful for people with ADHD. They also help with inhibitory control. This is the ability of a person to overcome their usual responses to a situation in order to complete a task or reach a goal.
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alcar
ALCAR, an abbreviation for acetyl L-carnitine, is a naturally occurring amino acid in the body that produces energy. This amino acid may also be administered to help treat a variety of ailments, many of them brain-related conditions. For instance, Alzheimer’s patients may be prescribed this medication to improve their ability to remember. Similar results are seen when those with alcohol or age-related memory problems are given this medication.

Acetyl L-carnitine can also treat age-related low testosterone, or male menopause, alleviating the depression, fatigue, and sexual dysfunction associated with this condition. Furthermore, it is used for diabetic neuropathy to relieve pain, stroke to improve cognition, Peyronie’s disease to reduce pain and slow disease progression better than tamoxifen, and male infertility (caused by inflammation) to improve sperm count and motility.

Acetyl L-carnitine may also be used for the following conditions, although, according to research, there is less conclusive evidence for its effectiveness. These conditions include: Down’s syndrome, age-related depression, cognition problems related to Lyme Disease and muscle weakness from HIV medication.

Various oral dosage levels of acetyl L-carnitine have been studied in research. For Alzheimer’s patients, the 1500-4000 mg per day taken 2-3 times per day was given. When used to treat depression in older patients, 1500-3000 mg was administered. For male infertility, 2 grams of L-carnitine and 1 gram of acetyl L-carnitine were given.

Patients should take the medication with water. Generally it is also good to take medications after eating some food.

Like other medications, care should be taken when using acetyl L-carnitine. Side effects of taking this medication, or supplement (as it can be purchased over the counter), is stomach upset, nausea, and vomiting. Those with a history of seizures should avoid the medication as it may increase their frequency. Those with an underactive thyroid should avoid it as well. Additionally, the blood thinning agents warfarin (coumadin) and acenocoumarol (sintrom) should be not used with acetyl L-carnitine as it can reduce blood clotting even more.

Acetyl L-carnitine (ALCAR) are only unofficial synonyms for this medication/supplement. However, the IUPAC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry) name is 3-Acetyloxy-4-trimethylammonio-butanoate.

creatinehclAthletic aids like creatine have been used to help increase performance. Creatine has been becoming increasingly popular as a performance enhancing supplement. There is evidence that creatine does increase performance in short intervals. The increase in repetition performance is increased by 5 to 15 percent.

Creatine is one of the most popular supplements used to help increase performance. It is believed that creatine increases the mass of muscles and helps to increase bursts of strength. Creatine is actually a natural substance that turns into phosphate in the body. The phosphate then helps make a substance known as adenosine triphosphate. Adenosine triphosphate then provides energy to the muscles. The body will produce some of the creatine that it needs to use naturally. Creatine is also in high protein rich foods like fish.

Creatine is thought to help increase strength as well as help the muscles heal faster during exercise. It is important to increase the amount of water intake when taking creatine to make sure dehydration doesn’t happen. Creatine is thought to supply energy to cells all over the body but it seems to help muscles cells the most. Approximately, 90 percent of the creatine stored in the body is found in the skeletal muscles. Creatine is transported through the blood by an active transport system. It is then used by the muscles that have higher energy demands like the brain or skeletal muscles.

Creatine shouldn’t be taken with other prescriptions because it can increase the risk of kidney damage. It is suggested to speak with a physician before taking medications with creatine so that drug interactions can be monitored. Several studies suggest that creatine is safe and most studies suggest that they have not found significant side effects. People that have kidney disease, liver damage, or high blood pressure should not take creatine as a dietary supplement. Other studies suggest that muscle cramps, increase in weight, dizziness, upset stomach, liver damage, and kidney damage are side effects of taking creatine. Speak to a heath care professional to find out if creatine is a good fit for you.